Tue. May 17th, 2022

As we learned PoliticsReporting last week, the Supreme Court is ready to remove its historic mark. Ro v. Wade Reverse decision cotton wool It will be devastating for all people, but for historically disadvantaged groups, including people with disabilities.

Nevertheless, when disability is discussed in abortion talk, it is usually related to abortion based on the diagnosis of fetal disability. Yet by designing disability and abortion only in the context of a selective abortion of disability, workers, scholars, and policy makers fail to recognize that they are individuals with actual disabilities – not fetuses diagnosed with disabilities. – Those who have been harmed by abortion restrictions.

In the future UCLA Law Review In the article, I write about how the need for abortion services for people with disabilities has increased and access has decreased. Simply put, people with disabilities should be included in all efforts to protect abortion rights.

The assault on abortion rights reflects the legacy and continuity of the history in which reproduction has been used as a weapon to subjugate people with disabilities and other historically disadvantaged communities. As such, people with disabilities are well aware of what happens when the government takes control of our bodies. In particular, people with disabilities have a long history of threats to physical autonomy, including forced sterilization. Eugenix aims to “improve” the human race by banning the growth of these undesirable persons with disabilities, immigrants, blacks, natives, LGBTQs, and prisoners. Black people with disabilities were specifically targeted for forced sterilization.

Roe has fallen in Texas, and this is just the beginning.

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Forced sterilization was blessed by the Supreme Court in the infamous 1927 Book vs. Bell decision. At age 17, Carrie Buck, who was considered “weak,” became pregnant after being sexually abused by a relative of her foster parents. She was based in Virginia State Colony for epilepsy and a weak mind to cover up a pregnancy apparently caused by sexual assault, where her mother was also an institution. After giving birth, Buck’s daughter, Vivian, was adopted by her foster family. The agency then tried to sterilize the book in accordance with the state’s involuntary sterilization law.

Following a series of appeals, the Supreme Court upheld Virginia’s law allowing institutions to condition patient release on constitutional sterilization. Reaching the event, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. said that forced sterilization would benefit the welfare of the book and society. He then declared, “Three generations of fools are enough.” Following the ruling, more than 30 states have enacted mandatory sterilization laws. By the end of the 20th century, about 70,000 Americans, many with disabilities, had been forcibly sterilized.

Even today, people with disabilities endure state-sanctioned reproductive oppression. For example, a report by the National Women’s Law Center, published in January, found that books from 30 states and the District of Columbia still contain involuntary sterilization laws. In these states, guardians, who are appointed by the courts to make decisions on behalf of persons with disabilities, often choose whether a person has been sterilized, even if it is against that person’s will. In particular, research shows that sterilization is a standard procedure for people with disabilities. Guardians, also known as conservatives in some states, are allowed to make contraceptive decisions, as in the case of Britney Spears.

Despite enduring a long history of reproductive oppression, the issue of abortion rights for people with disabilities has been largely ignored. This expulsion is particularly troubling as reversing Roe will have disastrous consequences for people with disabilities, who often use abortion services because they face significant losses.

First, access to comprehensive reproductive health services, including abortion care, is important for people with disabilities because they are at greater risk of health inequalities. Research has shown that people with disabilities have higher maternal mortality rates and disease rates than people with disabilities. In addition, some people with disabilities take medications that must be stopped before pregnancy. Without abortion services, people with disabilities with unintended pregnancies would be put in an impossible situation: the risk of abruptly discontinuing the medication and the risk of harmful side effects, or choosing to continue the medication that they and their child Can harm children.

Ultimately, restricting access to abortion will force pregnant people with disabilities to accept the risks associated with pregnancy, regardless of their beliefs or health, to the detriment of some. It is both dangerous and cruel.

Second, abortion is important for people with disabilities because they face severe economic losses. According to the National Council on Disability, “People with disabilities live in poverty which is more than double the number of people with disabilities.” They also have a very low employment rate. This inequality increases for people with disabilities who are more backward. For example, black people with disabilities are about 55% more likely to live in poverty than white people with disabilities. People with LGBTQ disabilities also face significant financial losses.

Physical autonomy and self-determination for which people with disabilities have struggled will be completely undermined.

In light of the dire economic situation facing people with disabilities, reducing access to abortion services will only make matters worse. In fact, 49% of people who have an abortion live below the poverty line, and many people who want an abortion do so because they cannot afford the cost of raising children. Thus, it is reasonable to assume that some persons with disabilities need abortion services because the disproportionate poverty they endure cannot afford to raise children.

Still, abortion is beyond the reach of many people with disabilities. Researchers estimate that the average cost of an abortion procedure in about ten weeks in the United States is more than $ 500, and the average cost of an abortion procedure at 20 weeks of pregnancy is $ 1,195. Given that most abortions are paid out of pocket, these higher costs may be prohibited for persons with disabilities. In addition, a 2018 study found that 27 U.S. cities are “abortion deserts” – cities where people have to travel at least 100 miles to reach an abortion provider. In addition to the high cost of abortion, which many people with disabilities cannot afford, some abortion providers are unable to travel because of the lack of accessible transportation, especially in areas where abortion is possible. Providers are not limited.

Ultimately, access to abortion is essential for people with disabilities who enjoy a certain level of financial security. Some people with disabilities who have abortions do so because of their severe economic backwardness, and increasing abortion restrictions exacerbate these inequalities. If abortion rights are further restricted, some persons with disabilities will be forced to continue their pregnancies and have children against their wishes and financial means, or they will resort to unsafe methods of abortion.

Third, people with disabilities have inadequate access to reproductive health services and information, such as sex education and contraception, which makes abortion more important. Most people who have an abortion do so because having a baby disrupts their ability to work, study, or take care of others. At the same time, research shows that people with disabilities have higher rates of unintended pregnancies than non-disabled people. People with disabilities also face significant barriers to accessing contraceptives, leading to reduced use. Importantly, increased access to contraception is statistically linked to a reduction in abortion rates, which means that people with disabilities are less likely to have an abortion if they have greater access to contraception. ۔

The high rate of unintended pregnancies in people with disabilities also results from inadequate access to sex education and other information about reproduction and contraception. Many students with disabilities are also deprived of basic sex education. After all, the increasing rate of unintended pregnancies in people with disabilities is also likely to be the result of inadequate reproductive health care available to them. In other words, the broad barriers that people with disabilities face in accessing reproductive health services and information – they face numerous inequalities – highlight the need for abortion rights for people with disabilities. she does.

Finally, access to abortion is important for people with disabilities because they are uniquely vulnerable to sexual assault, intimate partner violence, and reproductive oppression.

People with a mental disability are seven times more likely to be sexually abused than others. People with disabilities also face increasing rates of intimate partner violence, which increases the need for abortion. People with disabilities also have a higher risk of reproductive oppression. Thus, the high rates of sexual assault, intimate partner violence, and the experience of reproductive coercion by persons with disabilities contribute to the increasing rates of unintended pregnancies and the consequent increased need for abortion.

As the Supreme Court moves towards reversal. cotton woolAbortion rights activists must recognize the importance of abortion for people with disabilities. Physical autonomy and self-determination for which people with disabilities have struggled will be completely undermined.

This will have devastating consequences for people with disabilities. It will bring us back to a time when the government controlled the bodies of people with disabilities – against which we are still fighting. People with disabilities must be deliberately and fully involved in all efforts to protect the right to abortion. We can’t wait any longer.

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